prism Instrument - Platte mit farbigen, runden Magneten


Researchers around the world are using PRISM to investigate patients’ experiences in order to improve the management of chronic illnesses, psychosomatic conditions and mental health problems.

Japanese Translation: 研究 - 出版物

  1. Stolero N, Elkady S, Labaka L, et al. Do first responders and populations perceive risks similarly? A comparative study of seven countries. Frontiers in Psychology 2024;14
  2. Yildiz A, Dickinson J, Priego-Hernández J, et al. Effects of disaster education on children's risk perception and preparedness: A quasi-experimental longitudinal study. The Geographical Journal DOI: 10.1111/geoj.12556.
  3. Fruneaux-van Amerongen, N., Smit, J., Bronkhorst, E., Engels, Y., & Smeets, W. (2023, July 20). Screening the Spiritual Dimension of Patients With a Chronic or Life-Threatening Disease: A Reliability and Construct Validity Study of the SPIRIT Questionnaire. Spirituality in Clinical Practice. Advance online publication.
  4. Al Harbi O, Owayed S, Qari Y, et al. Correlation between physician- and patient-directed disease assessments in ulcerative colitis patients from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait: Data from ICONIC. Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 2023:10.4103/sjg.sjg_4192_4123.
  5. Brigitta Munkácsi, Enikő Felszeghy, Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Erika Nagy. Examination of the Illness Representations among Children with T1DM in Relation to Mental Health Factors. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. mai 11, 2023
  6. Sándor Z, Látos M, Csabai M. Using PRISM-D drawing test for the examination of associations of perceived social support among inpatients with chronic medical conditions. Orvosi hetilap 2020;161:1688-1696.
  7. Sambuelli A, Arangua G, Paula J, et al. Análisis de los datos de Argentina y Chile del estudio observacional ICONIC. Acta Gastroenterológica Latinoamericana 2022;52:476-483.
  8. Mangia M, Giuffrida E, Figini V, et al. Agreement between patients and physicians on scores of inflammatory bowel disease activity and burden assessed on a telemonitoring platform. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2022:1-8.
  9. Bhala, N., Hart, A., Watts, D., Lewis, S., Ghosh, S., Hansell, C., Ahmad, T., Van Haaren, S. & Sensky, T. (2022). Disease activity, burden and suffering in patients with ulcerative colitis in the UK cohort recruited into the global ICONIC study. Frontline Gastroenterology, flgastro-2022-102104.
  10. Yildiz, A., Dickinson, J., Priego-Hernández, J. & Teeuw, R. Children's disaster knowledge, risk perceptions, and preparedness: A cross-country comparison in Nepal and Turkey. Risk Analysis (2022) n/a.
  11. Vuichard-Gysin Danielle, Nueesch Reto, Fuerer, Raffaela Laura, Dangel Marc, Widmer Andreas (2022) Measuring perception of mental well- being in patients under isolation precautions: a prospective comparative study. BMJ Open;12:e044639. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044639
  12. Duda, P. I., Kelman, I., Glick, N., Sokolenko, V., Poussenkova, N. & Nikitina, E. (2022). Disaster risk perceptions and multinational cooperation in Barentsburg, Svalbard. Polar Record 58, e6.
  13. Meyer, C., Kampisiou, C., Triliva, S., Knaevelsrud, C. & Stammel, N. (2022). Lay causal beliefs about PTSD and cultural correlates in five countries. Eur J Psychotraumatol 13, 2029333.
  14. Bodas, M., Peleg, K., Stolero, N. & Adini, B. (2022). Risk Perception of Natural and Human-Made Disasters—Cross Sectional Study in Eight Countries in Europe and Beyond. Frontiers in Public Health 10.
  15. Rausch Osthoff, A.-K., Vliet Vlieland, T. P. M., Meichtry, A., van Bodegom-Vos, L., Topalidis, B., Büchi, S., Nast, I., Ciurea, A. & Niedermann, K. (2022). Lessons learned from a pilot implementation of physical activity recommendations in axial spondyloarthritis exercise group therapy. BMC Rheumatology 6, 12.
  16. Borghi, A., Flacco, M. E., Monti, A., Pacetti, L., Tabanelli, M. & Corazza, M. (2022). Assessment of the perceived burden associated with Malignant Melanoma with Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) and Melanoma Concerns Questionnaire (MCQ-28). Support Care Cancer.
  17. Warnatz, K., Jolles, S., Agostini, C., Vianello, F., Borte, M., Bethune, C., Grigoriadou, S., Richter, A., Jain, R., Lowe, D. M., Katelaris, C., Milito, C. & Cook, M. C. (2022). Subcutaneous Gammanorm® by pump or rapid push infusion: Impact of the device on quality of life in adult patients with primary immunodeficiencies. Clinical Immunology 236, 108938.
  18. Ghosh, S., Sensky, T., Casellas, F., Rioux, L.-C., Ahmad, T., Márquez, J. R., Vanasek, T., Gubonina, I., Sezgin, O., Ardizzone, S., Kligys, K., Petersson, J., Suzuki, Y. & Peyrin-Biroulet, L. (2021). A Global, Prospective, Observational Study Measuring Disease Burden and Suffering in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis, Using the Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-measure Tool. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis 15, 228-237.
  19. Tomioka, M., Hosoi, M., Okuzawa, T., Anno, K., Iwaki, R., Kawata, H., Kubo, C. & Sudo, N. (2021). The effectiveness of Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) for the assessment of the suffering and quality of interpersonal relationships of patients with chronic pain. BioPsychoSocial Medicine 15, 22.
  20. Parham M, Teeuw R, Solana C, Day S. Quantifying the impact of educational methods for disaster risk reduction: A longitudinal study assessing the impact of teaching methods on student hazard perceptions. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2021;52:101978.
  21. Paschali M, Lazaridou A, Vilsmark ES, Lee J, Berry M, Grahl A, et al. The “self” in pain: high levels of schema-enmeshment worsen fibromyalgia impact. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2021;22(1):871.
  22. Annelies Weijers , Sanne Rasing , Daan Creemers , Ad Vermulst , Arnt F.A. Schellekens , Gerben J. Westerhof , Deconstructing Recovery: a prospective study on well-being, symptom severity and acceptance in patients with major depressive disorders, Journal of Affective Disorders (2021), doi:
  23. Paola Molinari, Marta Fusano, Ruggero Moro, Simone Caravello, Cosimo Misciali, Carlotta Baraldi, Mario Puviani, Daniela Olezzi, Stefano Caccavale, Alberico Motolese, Giulio GuaIdi,Correlation between chronic skin ulcers dimension and burden of suffering evaluated with PRISM test.Italian. Journal of Dermatology and Venereology 2021 february; 156(1):57-61. DoI: 10.23736/S2784-8671.19.06423-X
  24. Bernadette Brady , PhD,Toni Andary, BAppSc, Sheng Min Pang, BAppSc, Sarah Dennis, PhD,Pranee Liamputtong, PhD,Robert Boland, PhD,Elise Tcharkhedian B Physio, Matthew Jennings, BAppSc, Natalie Pavlovic, BAppSc, Marguerite Zind, MA, Paul Middleton, MMBS, MD, MMed,and Lucy Chipchase, PhD; A Mixed-Methods Investigation into Patients’ Decisions to Attend an Emergency Department for Chronic Pain;Pain Medicine, 0(0), 2021, 1–16 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnab081
  25. Klabbers, G. A., & Vingerhoets, A. J. (2021). What is the effect of haptotherapy on patients with chronic pain?. In International Journal of Haptonomy and Haptotherapy (Vol. 9, Issue 1, pp. 1-9).
  26. Müllhaupt Beat, Semela David, Ruckstuhl Lisa, Magenta Lorenzo, Clerc Olivier, Torgler Ralph, Negro Francesco, Semmo Nasser(2021): Real-world effectiveness and safety of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection in Switzerland.Swiss Med Wkly. 2021;151:w20399
  27. Yildiz, A., Teeuw, R., Dickinson, J. & Roberts, J. (2021). Children's perceptions of flood risk and preparedness: A study after the May 2018 flooding in Golcuk, Turkey. Progress in Disaster Science 9, 100143.
  28. Tom Sensky (2020):Mental Pain and Suffering: The “Universal Currencies” of the Illness Experience? Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Editorial, Aug 11, 2020,
  29. M. Corazza, A. Virgili, G. Toni, G. Valpiani, C. Morotti, A. Borghi (2020); Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure to assess the perceived burden in patients with chronic inflammatory vulvar diseases: an observational study. JADV: 10.1111/jdv.16637
  30. Lutz Goetzmann Annina Seiler Christian Benden Annette Boehler Stefan Büchi Josef Jenewein Barbara Ruettner Anett Mueller‐Alcazar Roland Weierstall (2018): Transplantation experience as a predictor for quality of life during the first 6 months after lung transplantation, Clinical Transplantation, Volume 32, Issue 10 October 2018, Article ID: CTR13393
  31. Katarzyna Nowicka-Sauer,1,2 Krzysztof Jarmoszewicz,2 Małgorzata Pietrzykowska,1 Sebastian Batkiewicz2; The Paradox of Waiting for Heart Transplant: Between Control and Fate; Experimental and Clinical Transplantation (2017) 6: 696-699
  32. Taylor, P., Alten, R., Haraoui, B., Amess, B., Macdonald, J., Truchon, M., Pohl, C., Swales, C., Kaneko, Y. & Sensky, T. (2017). FRI0128 Prism – pictorial representation of illness and self measure: the use of a simple non-verbal tool as a patient-centred outcome measure in early rheumatoid arthritis cohorts. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 76, 529-529.
  33. Ghosh, S., Peyrin-Biroulet, L., Sensky, T., Casellas, F., O'Shea, C. & Pappalardo, B. (2017). Correlation between Physician and Patient Disease Assessments in Ulcerative Colitis: Baseline Data from the Iconic Study of 1816 Patients in 33 Countries. Gastroenterology 152, S741.
  34. Tim Kok MSc, Hein A. De Haan MD, PhD, Tom Sensky PhD, FRCPsych, Margreet van der Meer MSc & Cor A. J. De Jong MD, PhD (2017): Using the Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) to Quantify and Compare Suffering From Trauma and Addiction, Journal of Dual Diagnosis, DOI: 10.1080/15504263.2017.1293867
  35. Marinello lena, Linder Dennis, Spoto Andrea, Palmer Katie, Rohrer Peter Michael, Büchi Stefan, Trapp Michael, Trapp Eva-Maria, Hoerlesberger Nina et al. (2016) Assessing the Impact of Atopic Dermatitis on the Patients’ Parents with the Visual Instrument ‘Caregiver-PRISM’, Dermatology OI: 10.1159/000448030
  36. Kraus, Michael & Buggisch, Peter & Naumann, U & Link, R & Antoni, C & Jung, Mankil & König, B & Huelsenbeck, J. (2016). First time use of PRISM, an easy to use and suitable tool to characterize burden of disease, in patients suffering from chronic Hepatitis C: Results from the German observational study LIFE-C. Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie. 54. 1343-1404. 10.1055/s-0036-1597399.
  37. Sensky T., Büchi S., (2016) PRISM, a Novel Visual Metaphor Measuring Personally Salient Appraisals, Attitudes and Decision-Making: Qualitative Evidence Synthesis, PLOSONE|DOI:10.1371/May23,2016
  38. Best M., Aldridge L., Buttow P., Price M. Webster F. (2015) Assessment of spiritual suffering in the cancer context: A systematic literature review. Palliative and Supportive Care (2015), 13, 1335–1361.Cambridge University Press, 2014 1478-9515/14 doi:10.1017/S1478951514001217
  39. Haas S., Minder J., Harbauer G.; Suizidalität im Alter – was kann der Hausarzt tun? (2014) Praxis 103 (18): 1061 – 1066 1066
  40. Meyer M., Luethi M. S., Neff P., Büchi S. (2014) Disentangling Tinnitus Distress and Tinnitus Presence by Means of EEG Power Analysis. Neural Plasticity, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Volume 2014, Article ID 468546
  41. Ring Mariann, Harbauer Gregor, Haas Sebastian, Schuetz Christopher, Andreae Andreas, Maercker Andreas Ajdacic Vladeta: Validierung des Suizidalitätseinschätzungsinstrumentes PRISM­S (Pictoral Representation of Illness Self Measure – Suicidality), Neuropsychiatr (2014) 28:192–197 DOI 10.1007/s40211-014-0123-9
  42. Harbauer G., Ring M, Schuetz C, Andreae A, Haas S.(2013) Suicidality assessment with PRISM-S - simple, fast, and visual: a brief nonverbal method to assess suicidality in adolescent and adult patients. Crisis. 2013;34(2):131-6. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000164.
  43. Krikorian A, Limonero JT, Vargas JJ, Palacio C. (2013). Assessing suffering in advanced cancer patients using Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM), preliminary validation of the Spanish version in Latin American population. Support Care Cancer (Epub ahead of print)
  44. Lima-Verde AC, Pozza DH, Rodrigues LL, Velly AM, Guimares AS. (2013) Cross-cultural adaptation and validation for Portuguese (Brazilian) of the pictorial representation of illness and self measure instrument in orofacial pain patients. J Orofac Pain 27(2):271-275
  45. Krikorian A, Limonero JT, Roman JP, Vargas JJ, Palacio C. (2013) Predictors of suffering in Advanced Cancer. Am J Hosp Palliat Care (Epub ahead of print)
  46. Gielissen MF, Prins JB, Knoop H, Verhagen S, Bleijenberg G (2013). Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM): a graphic instrument to assess suffering in fatigued cancer survivors. Psychol Assess. 25(2):658-663
  47. Master-Thesis: Egli S. (2012) Tinnitus – Häufigkeit und Leidensdruck bei stationär psychiatrisch behandelten Patienten.
  48. Zimmermann R, Hattendorf J, Blum J, Nüesch R, Hatz C. (2012)Risk perception of travellers to tropical and subtropical countries visiting a swiss travel health center. J Travel Med. 20(1):3-10
  49. Klein M, Weksler N, Gidron Y, Heldman E, Gurski E, Smith OR, Gurman GM. (2012) Do waking salivatory cortisol levels correlate with anaeshesiologist’s job involvement? J Clin Monit Cmput 26(6):407-413
  50. Wittmann L, Schnyder U, Büchi S. (2012) PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) – a new method fort he assessment of suffering after trauma J Trauma Stress. 25 (2):
  51. Niedermann K, Büchi S, Ciurea A, Kubli R, Steurer-Stey C, Villiger PM, Debie RA (2011)
  52. Meier C, Moergeli HP, Büchi S, Bodenmann G, Witzemann L, Jenewein J. (2011) Psychological distress and quality of Life in COPD patients and their spouses. PRAXIS.100(7):407-415
  53. Töndury B, Muehleisen B, Ballmer-Weber BK, Hofbauer G, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, French L, Büchi S. (2011) The Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) Instrument reveals a high burden of suffering in patients with chronic urticaria. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 21(2):93-100
  54. Klis S, Velding K, Gidorn Y, Peterson K. (2011) Posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among people living with HIV in the Gambia. AIDS Care 23(4):426-434
  55. Wittmann L, Büchi S. (2010) Personal transformation in chronic physical disease: conceptual limitations of the posttraumatic growth construct. Psychologia. accpeted for publication
  56. Büchi S, Straub S, Schwager U. (2010) Shared decision making und individualisierte Therapiezielsetzung mit PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) bei stationären Psychiatriepatienten. PRAXIS. 99(24):1631-1637.
  57. Büchi S., Mögeli H.P., Schnyder U., Jenewein J., Hepp U., Jina E., Neuhaus R., Fauchère J.C., Bucher H.U., Sensky T., Grief and Post-Traumatic Growth in Parents 2 - 6 Years after the Death of Their Exremely Premature Baby (Psychchother Psychosom_2007_76_106-114)
  58. Niedermann K., de Bie R., Kubli R, Ciurea A, Steurer-Stey C, Villieger PM, Büchi S: (2010) Effectiveness of individualized resource-oriented joint protection in people with rheumatoid arthrtis. A randomized controlled trial. Patient Educ Counsel. 82(1):42-48
  59. Wittmann L, Sensky T, Maeder L, Michel B, Stoll T, Büchi S. (2009) Suffering and posttraumatic growth in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – a qualitative-quantitative study. Psychosomatics. 50(4):362-374
  60. Mühleisen B, Büchi S, Schmidhauser S, Jenewein J, French LE, Hofbauer FL. (2009) Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure (PRISM) – a novel visual instrument to measure quality of life in dermatological inpatients. Arch Dermatol. 145(7):774-780
  61. Streffer ML, Büchi S, Mörgeli HP, Galli U, Ettlin D. (2009) Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) – a novel visual instrument to assess pain and suffering in orofacial pain patients. J Orofac Pain. 23(2):140-146.
  62. Kassardjan CD, Gardner-Nix J, Dupak K, Barbati J, Lam-McCullock J. (2008) Validating PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) as a measure of suffering in chronic non-cancer pain patients. J Pain 17(2):245-259
  63. Büchi S, Mörgeli HP, Schnyder U, Jenewein J, Glaser A, Fauchère JC, Bucher HU, Sensky T. (2008) Shared or discordant grief in couples 2-6 years after the death of their premature baby – effects on suffering and posttraumatic growth. Psychosomatics 50(2):123-130
  64. Glaser A, Bucher HU, Mörgeli HP, Fauchère, JC, Büchi S. (2007) Loss of a preterm infant: psychological aspects in parents – a qualitative study. Swiss Med Wkly. 137:392-401
  65. Reinhardt R., Bischof G., Grothues J., John U, Rumpf H.R., Reinhardt R., Performance of the Picortial Representation of Illness and Self Measure in Individuales with Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Abuse or At-Risk Drinking (Psychoter Psychosom_2006_75_249-256)
  66. Duncan E., Gidron Y., Prakash Shrestha R.T., Aryal T. (2005). Correlates of post-traumatic stress and physical symtoms in Nepali adults under political turmoil. The Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies (
  67. Rumpf HJ., Löntz W., Uesseller S. (2004) A Self-Administred Version of a Brie Measure of Suffering: First Aspects of Validity Psychother Psychosom 53-56
  68. Denton F., Sharpe L., Schrieber L (2004) PRISM: Enmeshment of Illness and Self-Schema. Psychother Psychosom 73: 57-63
  69. Ciaccio S., Girelli A., Rocca L., Cimino A., Valentini U., (2003) PRISM, un metodo per visualizzare il peso soggetivo della malatia diabetica. Giornale Italiano di Diabetoligia e Metabolsimo. 23: 189-194
  70. Büchi S., Buddeberg C., Klaghofer R., Russi, E. W., Brändli O., Schlössere C., Stoll Th., Villiger, P. M., Sensky T. (2002) – Preliminary Validation of PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Self and Illness Measure) – A Brief Method to Assess Suffering; Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 71:333–341; DOI: 10.1159/000065994
  71. Habilitationsschrift: Büchi S. (2002) Chronische Krankheit und Lebensqualität - Entwicklung, Validierung und klinischer Einsatz von PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure), eines Instrumentes zur Erfassung von subjektivem Leidensdruck
  72. Büchi S., Buddeberg C. (2000) Ein Bild sagt mehr als tausend Worte. Uni Magazin, 4: 21-24 (unimagazin2000_4_21_24.pdf - 58 K)
  73. Christen L., Scheidegger J., Grossenbacher G., Christen S., Oehninger R. (2002) Qualitativer und quantitativer Vergleich des Befindens bei der Pflegearbeit vor und nach Kinästhetik-Grundschulung in einer nuklear- und radiotherapeutischen Klinik. Pflege15: 103-111
  74. Assal E., Ciaccio S., Schloesser C. (2001) Le poids de la souffrance du patient. Une méthode du visualisation: le PRISM. Med Hyg 59: 1462-65
  75. Büchi S., Villiger P., Kauer Y., Klaghofer R., Sensky T., Stoll T. (2000) PRISM – (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) – a novel visual method to assess the global burden of illness in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. LUPUS 9: 368-373
  76. Büchi S., Sensky T. (1999) PRISM - (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure) - a brief non-verbal measure of illness and therapeutic aid in psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatics, 40: 314-320 (psycosomatics1999_40_314_320.pdf - 4.1 M)
  77. Büchi S., Sensky T. (1998) Pictorial Representation of Self and Illness Measure (PRISM) - eine einfache Visualisierungsmethode für Forschung und Praxis. Verhaltenstherapie 8: 112-117
  78. Büchi S., Sensky T., Sharpe L., Timberlake N. (1998) Graphic representation of illness: A novel method of measuring patient’s perceptions of the impact of illness. Psychother. Psychosom. 67: 222-225